She was humiliated, bored, and regarded with suspicion while at court, but she found comfort in reading extensively and in preparing herself for her future role as sovereign. Yet, despite their ulterior motives, the correspondence remains an important document recording the political pursuits of an Empire.
The Black Sea was however controlled by the Ottoman Empire, the largest and most influential Muslim empire in history. She endowed it with funds for a library and a building on Palace Square.
In she convened a commission composed of delegates from all the provinces and from all social classes except the serfs for the purpose of ascertaining the true wishes of her people and framing a constitution. They complemented and understood each other, and the ambitious minister expressed his respect for his sovereign through complete devotion to her interests.
Contemporaries interpreted her personality as combining masculine strength with feminine vanity. Despite their mutual affection for literature, art and philosophy, very rarely did Catherine and Voltaire discuss such topics. Alarmed by expanding Russian power in Eastern Europe and determined to bolster their respective strategic positions, Austria and Prussia carried through the First Partition of Poland, with the subsequent Polish loss of one-third of its territory and one-half its inhabitants.
The content of her letters does not permit one to see her primary motives as anything other than propagandistic.
By distributing the so-called crown lands to her favourites and ministers, she worsened the lot of the peasants, who had enjoyed a certain autonomy. Catherine had only to strike: It also regulated, in detail, the subjects to be taught at every age and the method of teaching.
In her friendships she was loyal and generous and usually showed mercy toward her enemies. This work was widely distributed in Europe and caused a sensation because it called for a legal system far in advance of the times.
The Instruction maintained that all men should be considered equal before the law; and that law should forbid only acts directly harmful to an individual or the community, leaving the people free to do anything not forbidden.
But his remaining days proved few; shortly after his arrest he was killed in a brawl with his captors. For security reasons, she reorganized provincial administration to favor the nobility.
The royals who held genealogical claims to the throne overtly devised plots to replace the new Tsarina. She reformed the strong and powerful bureaucracy Peter the Great established.
For example, when confronted with the issue of serfdom, Catherine initially suggested in her proposal of "the Instruction" that landowners offer serfs the option to "purchase their freedom"  or that the government limit the period of servitude to six years.
While she acquired new lands, including Crimea and Poland, updated the army, and supported burgeoning manufactures, she really wanted to westernize Russia by reforming it, specifically the lives of the gentryqualitatively.
The wealthiest classes gained more income in order to afford education and western habits. The celebrated tract was as much a product of the Enlightenment as the founding documents of the United States. She overthrew her husband in a coup on July 8 of the same year and the following day, she declared herself Catherine II, the sovereign ruler of Russia.
While Russia occupied PolandFrance realized that the Ottoman Empire was the only country in a position to topple Catherine. However, the Commission failed to prepare a new legal code and Catherine made no further efforts to implement her principles.The ideas of the Russian Enlightenment were first espoused by the "learned druzhina" of Peter the Great.
who regulated Russian society through public ceremony and legislation, Catherine promoted "the internal mechanisms of behavior regulation." "Catherine the Great: Enlightened Empress?" Simon Henderson implores the reader.
Essay By Emma Borkman Who influenced Catherine the Great’s reforms and what impact did these reforms have on Russia? Through Catherine’s the Great’s correspondence with Enlightenment Philosophers, she was able to formulate reforms to implement for Russia.
Thus the Enlightenment would not have been a part of Russian history if not for the determination of Catherine the Great. The Impacts of Catherine the Great specifically for you.
for only $ $/page. Order now. Search. Related Essays. Catherine The Great: An Enlightened Despot ; Catherine’s determination and is getting angry. The Russian empress Catherine II (), known as Catherine the Great, reigned from to She expanded the Russian Empire, improved administration, and vigorously pursued the policy of Westernization.
Her reputation as an "enlightened despot," however, is not wholly supported by her. The Impacts of Catherine the Great on Russian "enlightened" society Essay by LJBEckman, College, Undergraduate, A+, March download word file, 4 pages download word file, 4 pages 2 votes4/5(2).
Catherine the Great was known as an "Enlightened Despot," because she reigned during the Age of the Enlightenment along with other monarchs such as Frederick the Great and Joseph II, began to understand the concepts of reason, natural law and other ideas being developed at the time by various philosophers.Download